Probably unbeknownst to most people from Ottumwa when the new Walsh High School opened in 1962 students stepped into an unusual building using a design by one of the most famous architects of the 20th century, Felix Candela.
Madrid, Spain in
1910, Candela was a national sports champion in Spain and
a noted award-winning architect who was pursuing graduate studies in when
the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936. Germany
He left school to return to
Spain and fight
for the Republic against Franco and when Franco won he slipped into a refugee
camp in to
avoid becoming a prisoner of the Franco regime. In 1939 he was selected
for relocation to France and
moved to his new home. Mexico
In Mexico Candela pioneered the use of thin shelled concrete in building construction and among the nearly 1,000 buildings he designed were the revolutionary 1968 Olympic Stadium in
Mexico City and the
Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in . Mexico
The Guadalupe Basilica is the most popular Catholic pilgrimage site in the world drawing over 20 million visitors annually to see the tilma of Juan Diego with the image of Our Lady that was made December 12, 1531.
As a point of reference, at that time
not been settled and Henry 8th was still King of England. America
Candela developed a thin shelled concrete material for use in buildings called the "hyperbolic paraboloid" and his structures are located in
Mexico, the United
Peru, Guatemala, Puerto Rico,
Ecuador, Great Britain and . Norway
My father, Wayne E. Putnam arranged with Felix to use his designs for the new
well as our home overlooking the Ottumwa Country Club. And that is
how all those pieces in the title tie together. Felix Candela, a very nice
man and world renowned architect whose world famous "hyperbolic paraboloid" design was incorporated into Walsh High School. Walsh High School
Local architects for both of the projects were Ken Steffen and Steve Stoltz.
Felix moved with his family to the
United States in
1971 and taught at Harvard University and the .
He died at the age of 87 while living in
University of Illinois . North Carolina