With Immigration reform promised in his first year by President Barack Obama back in 2009, and this being his fifth year in office, there is a chance Immigration reform actually might make it through Congress. However, as far as our nation's capitol, nothing can be guaranteed except extended procrastination.
Long ago we should have had meaningful Immigration reform, the first since major bills were passed in 1965 and 1986, if we had not forgotten that when it comes down to the real facts, we really are a nation of immigrants.
There are a lot of things the president and congress can do to change or manipulate reality or to rewrite history but the plain truth is clear. In 2010 there were 2.9 million pure blooded Native American and Native Alaskan Indians in
and 2.3 million Natives with mixed blood, a total of 5.2 million. America
Since the total
in 2010 was 308,745,538 that means just 1.8% of the population are original Americans,
or 98.2% of Americans are immigrants
or ancestors of immigrants. US
Unlike the many countries settled since the discovery of
in 1492 the
has the most diverse ancestry in the world.
The largest ancestral country of origin for Americans is United States yet it
only represents 15.5% of our total population.
No major country in the world can claim similar diversity of ancestry,
not even newer nations like the Germany US
such as South American nations, Canada
or . Australia
Since the 1800's there have been more Germans ancestors than any other immigrants to
million in 2010. Also since the 1800's
Irish have been firmly in second place with 34.7 million in 2010. America
The dominant Hispanic country of ancestry is
- 31.8 million followed by the English - 25.9 million, Italian - 17.2 million, Polish - 9.6 million, French -
-8.7 million, Scottish - 5.4 million, Dutch - 4.6 million, Norwegian - 4.4
million and Scottish/Irish - 4.4 million show the dominance of European nations
to American ancestry. High profile
immigrants from Mexico Russia, China, Cuba,
India, Korea and all range between 1-3
In total about 500 ancestries have been reported to the US Census Bureau on behalf of the American population.
So I guess the bottom line in our message to all the nations of the world is, "We are you!" Truly we are the only true melting pot of culture, religion, society and wealth in the world. It makes us unique, but also makes us responsible to set the definitive example of how all of the people on Earth should be able to live in peace, harmony, prosperity and individual freedom.
Such inherent American virtues and characteristics should be embedded in our laws and actions but the dysfunctional federal government including the president and congress have made a mockery of adherence to American values. They are yet to achieve the most basic of all actions, approving a budget, and have failed to approve one every year Obama has been president.
Well they better approve meaningful Immigration reform or the ancestors of immigrants may very well deport those same federal elected officials.
As for a lingering immigration issue that may still derail the reform movement, the issue of securing our borders, several years ago I proposed a very simple and logical way to achieve security.
We have about 2.5 million defense soldiers and civilian employees but only 1.1 million are in the
Since about 100,000 are in both USA Iraq
that leaves 1.2 million DOD employees all over the rest of the world. Afghanistan
There are over 735 American military bases outside the
including 38 large and medium
size facilities. At the height of the British Empire in 1898 they had 36 bases
spread out around the world and at the height of the USA Roman
Empire in 117 AD they had 37 major bases. Of course they were both
trying to conquer the world. We aren't supposed to be conquering the world so we
should get rid of the excess bases.
We could save billions of dollars a year if we moved a number of the very expensive foreign bases back to
and strategically located them along our southern border. The presence of tens of thousands of US
military troops and their bases would be a far greater deterrent to illegal
immigrants or drugs than a few thousand more border patrol agents and a higher
Immigration is not a political issue and should not be caught in the debate between two partisan parties. If truth be known two partisan political parties have no business controlling the agenda for
and after their performance
the last few years isn't it time we wake up? America
Our Constitution does not guarantee control of any kind to the Democrats or Republicans so we need to campaign for freedom from the archaic and worn out platforms and control of the two political parties and return to what worked the first couple of hundred years, multiple political parties to choose from in elections.
The following is a summary of the history of Immigration reform in
from University of North Carolina - .
You should read it and you will better understand the story behind the
Immigration debate. Greensboro
by Dr. Raleigh Bailey, CNNC Director and Research Fellow
The U.S. Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were written by refugees and immigrants and their children who sought religious and economic freedom. These documents represented ideals that became cherished around the world. For the first 100 years of
The first immigration law passed by Congress was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. At that time Chinese workers were being recruited in large numbers to do hard labor on the West Coast, building railroads and other large construction projects. However,
At the same time, our northern and southern borders were essentially porous. Much of what is now
New Mexico, Colorado,
and California were part of Mexico until the claimed the lands through wars
or treaties. As the Southwest became U.S. U.S.
territory, the Hispanic populations there came under rule. In many cases, families
were suddenly divided by citizenship and residency requirements, though mutual
visitation was ongoing. U.S.
With the depression of the 1930s, many family farms were lost. Land was bought up by agribusinesses. Farm labor needs were met by the newly homeless families who had lost their lands. With World War II, when young men were called to the military, agribusiness began to rely on migrant farmworkers from Latin America and the
Many workers were brought as contract labor and others came on their own for
growing seasons, returning to join their families after the crops were
Approximately 5 million Mexicans participated in the Bracero program, a labor agreement between the
between 1942 and 1964. The exploitation of these workers is well-documented.
After the war and the growing shift toward manufacturing and urbanization,
agriculture continued to rely on migrant farmworkers, both those who were
documented and recruited by labor contractors and those who simply crossed the
border to continue their seasonal work jobs. That system has continued to the
present day. Mexico
The 1960s brought major changes to the
immigration system. Following the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights
Act of 1965, a newly conscientious U.S. Congress passed a new law, the
Immigration Reform Act of 1965, which struck down our Eurocentric bias. Persons
from countries around the globe could apply to migrate to the U.S. US if they met conditions related to family
employment needs, or refugee status. The flood of refugees to the U.S. after the
Vietnam War led to the Refugee Resettlement Act of 1980, which formalized the
refugee resettlement process and established a new flow of people seeking
freedom and security. U.S.
Several years later Congress passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. This legislation was the first time a bill made it unlawful for an employer to hire an undocumented worker, and it created a pathway to citizenship for migrant farmworkers who had a history of work in the U.S. and who had no legal problems other than being unauthorized. It was a significant piece of legislation designed to rectify the fact that the
and depended upon vast numbers of Latin American farmworkers who did not have
travel documents in order to sustain our agricultural economy. Many of these
people then moved out of the fields and into construction jobs created by our
growing economy. New farmworkers, many of them without documents, then came to
fill the farm jobs. U.S.
In 1994 the
passed NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. Mexico U.S. agribusinesses were able to sell
government-subsidized corn in
at below market prices, destroying the traditional farm economy there. This was
further complicated by the Mexican government’s decision to suspend the “ejido”
system. Ejidos, written into the Mexican constitution, are communal farm lands
shared by families and villagers and passed from generation to generation. The
suspension allowed ejido lands to be sold to multinational agribusiness
corporations. As a result, more unemployed young men who were strong and brave
enough made the dangerous trek to “El Norte.” Mexico
In 1996 the U.S. Congress passed two major bills that severely penalized undocumented residents and restricted legal immigrants from using many public services, even if those immigrants worked and paid taxes in the
The Illegal Immigrant Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRRRA) was
especially repressive as it required people who had an “unlawful presence” to
return to their countries of origin for periods of three to ten years before
they could apply to return. This was true even for spouses of American
Another bill, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) restricted tax-paying legal immigrants from using most public services and imposed major hardships on low-income workers, creating major legal and social snafus. Initially, pregnant immigrant women were denied access to WIC (the food supplement program for low-income pregnant women). Many premature births of high-risk, malnourished babies occurred, dramatically increasing medical costs for families and health providers. The federal government then concluded that immigrant women (documented and undocumented) could get WIC since it was nurturing their U.S.-citizen unborn babies.
In the 2000 census,
had the fastest-growing Latino population in the Most of these newcomers were
immigrants, many of them undocumented and connected with the farm labor economy
of the state. In the 2010 census, the state’s Latino population continued to
grow but mostly due to the U.S.-born children of the newcomers from the
previous decade. U.S. North Carolina has an
estimated 150,000 migrant farmworkers annually, mostly from and
other Central American countries. Our state has one of the largest farmworker
populations in the Mexico
With the tightened border security, many farmworkers now stay all year, unable to
return home to see their families for fear they could not make the trek back
across the desert. Some start new families here. Many families back home
continue to depend on the paychecks of their husbands, sons, and fathers. U.S.
Other newcomers come on time-limited visas from around the world as students, business people, or tourists, and then they overstay their visas. Most unauthorized newcomers fall into this category. Others may be green card holders, but if U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) does not have documentation of their place of residence, their legal permanent residence status is terminated. Populations who come to the
as refugees regularly petition to bring their family members from their
countries of origin. As recently-arrived newcomers, these refugees are
typically low-income wage earners. If their families are granted permission to
join them, they often come as immigrants but not as refugees, which means that
they have no access to most public services. These expanded families struggle
to survive because even though they are working they are barred from
supplemental assistance available to others. North Carolina
The Heritage Foundation, a conservative think tank, provides an alternative analysis. The Heritage Foundation posits that providing a path to citizenship for undocumented residents will be a drain on the economy. While they acknowledge that it will be an initial boom to the economy, they project that it will be a drain over a 50-year period. The reasoning of their research analyst is that low-income undocumented workers, Hispanics in particular, have lower IQ’s than U.S.-citizen whites. Therefore, their children will also have lower IQ’s, creating an ongoing pool of low-income and low-IQ U.S.-citizen workers who will need government subsidies. In many circles, the Heritage Foundation analysis is being compared to efforts to defend segregation in the early and mid-twentieth century.
is recognized as the world’s premier immigrant nation, historically the champion
of freedom, a model of innovation and entrepreneurship, and by far the
wealthiest nation. As we struggle to pass immigration reform and reconcile our
ambivalence toward the undocumented who sustain our economy, the refugees who
are our historic champions of freedom, and the newcomers who are drivers of
innovation, the whole world is watching. U.S.